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Wiki Macros

Trac macros are plugins to extend the Trac engine with custom 'functions' written in Python. A macro inserts dynamic HTML data in any context supporting WikiFormatting.

Another kind of macros are WikiProcessors. They typically deal with alternate markup formats and representation of larger blocks of information (like source code highlighting).

Using Macros

Macro calls are enclosed in two square brackets. Like python functions, macros can also have arguments, a comma separated list within parentheses.

Examples

 [[Timestamp]]

Display:

Thu Mar 30 16:06:08 2017

 [[HelloWorld(Testing)]]

Display:

Hello World, args = Testing

Available Macros

Note that the following list will only contain the macro documentation if you've not enabled -OO optimizations, or not set the PythonOptimize option for mod_python.

[[InterTrac]]

Provide a list of known InterTrac? prefixes.

[[TitleIndex]]

Inserts an alphabetic list of all wiki pages into the output.

Accepts a prefix string as parameter: if provided, only pages with names that start with the prefix are included in the resulting list. If this parameter is omitted, all pages are listed.

[[RecentChanges]]

Lists all pages that have recently been modified, grouping them by the day they were last modified.

This macro accepts two parameters. The first is a prefix string: if provided, only pages with names that start with the prefix are included in the resulting list. If this parameter is omitted, all pages are listed.

The second parameter is a number for limiting the number of pages returned. For example, specifying a limit of 5 will result in only the five most recently changed pages to be included in the list.

[[PageOutline]]

Displays a structural outline of the current wiki page, each item in the outline being a link to the corresponding heading.

This macro accepts three optional parameters:

  • The first is a number or range that allows configuring the minimum and maximum level of headings that should be included in the outline. For example, specifying "1" here will result in only the top-level headings being included in the outline. Specifying "2-3" will make the outline include all headings of level 2 and 3, as a nested list. The default is to include all heading levels.
  • The second parameter can be used to specify a custom title (the default is no title).
  • The third parameter selects the style of the outline. This can be either inline or pullout (the latter being the default). The inline style renders the outline as normal part of the content, while pullout causes the outline to be rendered in a box that is by default floated to the right side of the other content.
[[Image]]

Embed an image in wiki-formatted text.

The first argument is the file specification. The file specification may reference attachments or files in three ways:

  • module:id:file, where module can be either wiki or ticket, to refer to the attachment named file of the specified wiki page or ticket.
  • id:file: same as above, but id is either a ticket shorthand or a Wiki page name.
  • file to refer to a local attachment named 'file'. This only works from within that wiki page or a ticket.

Also, the file specification may refer to repository files, using the source:file syntax (source:file@rev works also).

The remaining arguments are optional and allow configuring the attributes and style of the rendered <img> element:

  • digits and unit are interpreted as the size (ex. 120, 25%) for the image
  • right, left, top or bottom are interpreted as the alignment for the image
  • nolink means without link to image source.
  • key=value style are interpreted as HTML attributes or CSS style

indications for the image. Valid keys are:

  • align, border, width, height, alt, title, longdesc, class, id and usemap
  • border can only be a number

Examples:

    [[Image(photo.jpg)]]                           # simplest
    [[Image(photo.jpg, 120px)]]                    # with size
    [[Image(photo.jpg, right)]]                    # aligned by keyword
    [[Image(photo.jpg, nolink)]]                   # without link to source
    [[Image(photo.jpg, align=right)]]              # aligned by attribute

You can use image from other page, other ticket or other module.

    [[Image(OtherPage:foo.bmp)]]    # if current module is wiki
    [[Image(base/sub:bar.bmp)]]     # from hierarchical wiki page
    [[Image(#3:baz.bmp)]]           # if in a ticket, point to #3
    [[Image(ticket:36:boo.jpg)]]
    [[Image(source:/images/bee.jpg)]] # straight from the repository!
    [[Image(htdocs:foo/bar.png)]]   # image file in project htdocs dir.

Adapted from the Image.py macro created by Shun-ichi Goto <gotoh@taiyo.co.jp>

[[MacroList]]

Displays a list of all installed Wiki macros, including documentation if available.

Optionally, the name of a specific macro can be provided as an argument. In that case, only the documentation for that macro will be rendered.

Note that this macro will not be able to display the documentation of macros if the PythonOptimize option is enabled for mod_python!

[[TracIni]]

Produce documentation for Trac configuration file.

Typically, this will be used in the TracIni page. Optional arguments are a configuration section filter, and a configuration option name filter: only the configuration options whose section and name start with the filters are output.

[[Donator]]

A wiki-processor for the Donations page of madwifi.org

Example:

Error: Failed to load processor Donations
No macro or processor named 'Donations' found

Inserts a link to either /newticket or /simpleticket, depending on user permissions.

Version: 0.1.0 (2006-10-27)

History: v0.1.0 First public release

[[TracGuideToc]]

This macro shows a quick and dirty way to make a table-of-contents for a set of wiki pages.

[[Timestamp]]

Inserts the current time (in seconds) into the wiki page.

[[HelloWorld]]

Example macro.

[[Logo]]

Special case of Image macro, for embedding donor logos in Donations page.

[[redirect]]

Redirect: Redirection for Trac

Purpose and Usage

The redirect wiki macro provides redirect functionality for Trac with backlink support. It takes a qualified TracLink (type:id) as argument, e.g. wiki:SandBox, source:README or ticket:123. Users with a JavaScript?-enabled browser will get redirected to the page specified by this shortlink.

Installation

See http://projects.edgewall.com/trac/wiki/TracPlugins.

Author and license

Copyright 2005, 2006

  • Bernhard Haumacher (haui at haumacher.de)
  • Thomas Moschny (moschny at ipd.uni-karlsruhe.de)
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA

Additional information

Please visit: http://svn.ipd.uka.de/trac/javaparty/wiki/TracRedirect.

[[TicketQuery]]

Macro that lists tickets that match certain criteria.

This macro accepts two parameters, the second of which is optional.

The first parameter is the query itself, and uses the same syntax as for query: wiki links (but not the variant syntax starting with "?").

The second parameter determines how the list of tickets is presented: the default presentation is to list the ticket ID next to the summary, with each ticket on a separate line. If the second parameter is given, it must be one of:

  • compact -- the tickets are presented as a comma-separated list of ticket IDs.
  • count -- only the count of matching tickets is displayed
[[Unknown]]

ath5k status: unknown state; color: red

[[Stub]]

ath5k status: stub only, no functionality; color: light red

[[Incomplete]]

ath5k status: not yet complete; color: yellow

[[Complete]]

ath5k status: complete; color: light green

[[BlockQuote]]

Implementation of the blockquote macro as plugin for Trac 0.10.

[[blockquote]]

Implementation of the blockquote macro as plugin for Trac 0.10.

[[TagCloud]]

This macro displays a tag cloud (weighted list) of all tags.

ArgumentDescription
tagspace=<tagspace>Specify the tagspace the macro should operate on.
tagspaces=(<tagspace>,...)Specify a set of tagspaces the macro should operate on.
smallest=<n>The lower bound of the font size for the tag cloud.
biggest=<n>The upper bound of the font size for the tag cloud.
showcount=true|falseShow the count of objects for each tag?
mincount=<n>Hide tags with a count less than <n>.
[[ListTagged]]

List tagged objects. Optionally accepts a list of tags to match against. The special tag . (dot) inserts the current Wiki page name.

[[ListTagged(<tag>, ...)]]

ArgumentDescription
tagspace=<tagspace>Specify the tagspace the macro should operate on.
tagspaces=(<tagspace>,...)Specify a set of tagspaces the macro should operate on.
operation=intersection|unionThe set operation to perform on the discovered objects.
showheadings=true|falseList objects under the tagspace they occur in.
expression=<expr>Match object tags against the given expression.

The supported expression operators are: unary - (not); binary +, - and | (and, and not, or). All values in the expression are treated as tags. Any tag not in the same form as a Python variable must be quoted.

eg. Match all objects tagged with ticket and workflow, and not tagged with wiki or closed.

(ticket+workflow)-(wiki|closed)

If an expression is provided operation is ignored.

[[TagIt]]

Deprecated. Does nothing.

[[ListTags]]

List all tags.

ArgumentDescription
tagspace=<tagspace>Specify the tagspace the macro should operate on.
tagspaces=(<tagspace>,...)Specify a set of tagspaces the macro should operate on.
shownames=true|falseWhether to show the objects that tags appear on (long).
[[SubWiki]]

Inserts an alphabetic list of sub-wiki pages into the output. A sub-wiki page is a page that is is deeper in the hierachy than the current page. e.g. if the current page is People, the this will return a list of all wiki entries that start with "People/"

Accepts a prefix string as parameter: if provided, only pages with names that start with the prefix are included in the resulting list. If this parameter is omitted, all pages are listed.

This now takes the text of the first heading and displays it as the link name.

[[ParentWiki]]

Inserts a link to the "parent" wiki entry.

This only applies to wikis that have a "/" in their name indicating heirarchy.

e.g. an entry named Java/Introduction will have a parent of Java. All other wiki entries have a parent of WikiStart.

[[CompatSub]]

Modified version of the the SubWiki? macro. The link text is taken from the first heading of the linked page. Calling conventions are similar to those of the SubWiki? macro.

[[BlogShow]]

Displays a blog based on tags

The list of tags to be shown can be specified as arguments to the macro. If no tags are specified as parameters, then the default 'blog' tag is used.

Because any wiki page can be a blog entry,it is suggested that one uses a unique tag for any page that should appear in the blog, such as the tag: 'blog' (the default).

The following options can be specified:

union - Specify whether the join for the tags listed should be a union or intersection(default).
num_posts - Number of posts to display.
year - Year for which to show posts.
month - Month for which to show posts.
day - Day of the month for which to show posts.
delta - How many days of posts should be shown.
mark_update - Specify whether to show "Updated on" for posts that have been updated.
format - Show as RSS feed ('rss') or HTML (else).
post_size - Number of bytes to show before truncating the post and providing a (...) link. Posts are truncated at the next line break after the byte count is reached. poster - Show only entries made by a single named user.

If specifying dates with year, month, and/or day, the current value is specified if missing. For example, if day is specified but year and month are not, then year will be filled in with the current year and month will be filled with the current month. If only year and month are specified, then that indicates the whole month is desired.

The num_posts options is bounded by the date options if combined. For example, if num_posts=5 and month=4 is specified, it will show up to 5 posts from the month of April. If only 3 posts exist, then only 3 are shown. If a date option is not specified, then it will show the last num_posts posts.

The poster option is bounded by all of the above options and also limits the calendar to display tallies respective of the named user.

Examples

[[BlogShow()]]
[[BlogShow(blog,pacopablo)]]
[[BlogShow(blog,pacopablo,union=True)]]
[[BlogShow(blog,pacopablo,num_posts=5)]]
[[BlogShow(blog,pacopablo,month=4,num_posts=5)]]
[[BlogShow(blog,pacopablo,year=2006,month=4)]]
[[BlogShow(blog,pacopablo,year=2006,month=4,day=12)]]
[[BlogShow(blog,pacopablo,delta=5)]]
[[BlogShow(blog,pacopablo,delta=5,mark_updated=False)]]
[[BlogShow(blog,poster=UserName)]]
[[SplitPost]]

Displays a blog based on tags

The list of tags to be shown can be specified as arguments to the macro. If no tags are specified as parameters, then the default 'blog' tag is used.

Because any wiki page can be a blog entry,it is suggested that one uses a unique tag for any page that should appear in the blog, such as the tag: 'blog' (the default).

The following options can be specified:

union - Specify whether the join for the tags listed should be a union or intersection(default).
num_posts - Number of posts to display.
year - Year for which to show posts.
month - Month for which to show posts.
day - Day of the month for which to show posts.
delta - How many days of posts should be shown.
mark_update - Specify whether to show "Updated on" for posts that have been updated.
format - Show as RSS feed ('rss') or HTML (else).
post_size - Number of bytes to show before truncating the post and providing a (...) link. Posts are truncated at the next line break after the byte count is reached. poster - Show only entries made by a single named user.

If specifying dates with year, month, and/or day, the current value is specified if missing. For example, if day is specified but year and month are not, then year will be filled in with the current year and month will be filled with the current month. If only year and month are specified, then that indicates the whole month is desired.

The num_posts options is bounded by the date options if combined. For example, if num_posts=5 and month=4 is specified, it will show up to 5 posts from the month of April. If only 3 posts exist, then only 3 are shown. If a date option is not specified, then it will show the last num_posts posts.

The poster option is bounded by all of the above options and also limits the calendar to display tallies respective of the named user.

Examples

[[BlogShow()]]
[[BlogShow(blog,pacopablo)]]
[[BlogShow(blog,pacopablo,union=True)]]
[[BlogShow(blog,pacopablo,num_posts=5)]]
[[BlogShow(blog,pacopablo,month=4,num_posts=5)]]
[[BlogShow(blog,pacopablo,year=2006,month=4)]]
[[BlogShow(blog,pacopablo,year=2006,month=4,day=12)]]
[[BlogShow(blog,pacopablo,delta=5)]]
[[BlogShow(blog,pacopablo,delta=5,mark_updated=False)]]
[[BlogShow(blog,poster=UserName)]]
[[NewsShow]]

Displays a blog based on tags

The list of tags to be shown can be specified as arguments to the macro. If no tags are specified as parameters, then the default 'blog' tag is used.

Because any wiki page can be a blog entry,it is suggested that one uses a unique tag for any page that should appear in the blog, such as the tag: 'blog' (the default).

The following options can be specified:

union - Specify whether the join for the tags listed should be a union or intersection(default).
num_posts - Number of posts to display.
year - Year for which to show posts.
month - Month for which to show posts.
day - Day of the month for which to show posts.
delta - How many days of posts should be shown.
mark_update - Specify whether to show "Updated on" for posts that have been updated.
format - Show as RSS feed ('rss') or HTML (else).
post_size - Number of bytes to show before truncating the post and providing a (...) link. Posts are truncated at the next line break after the byte count is reached. poster - Show only entries made by a single named user.

If specifying dates with year, month, and/or day, the current value is specified if missing. For example, if day is specified but year and month are not, then year will be filled in with the current year and month will be filled with the current month. If only year and month are specified, then that indicates the whole month is desired.

The num_posts options is bounded by the date options if combined. For example, if num_posts=5 and month=4 is specified, it will show up to 5 posts from the month of April. If only 3 posts exist, then only 3 are shown. If a date option is not specified, then it will show the last num_posts posts.

The poster option is bounded by all of the above options and also limits the calendar to display tallies respective of the named user.

Examples

[[BlogShow()]]
[[BlogShow(blog,pacopablo)]]
[[BlogShow(blog,pacopablo,union=True)]]
[[BlogShow(blog,pacopablo,num_posts=5)]]
[[BlogShow(blog,pacopablo,month=4,num_posts=5)]]
[[BlogShow(blog,pacopablo,year=2006,month=4)]]
[[BlogShow(blog,pacopablo,year=2006,month=4,day=12)]]
[[BlogShow(blog,pacopablo,delta=5)]]
[[BlogShow(blog,pacopablo,delta=5,mark_updated=False)]]
[[BlogShow(blog,poster=UserName)]]
[[BlogPost]]

Inserts a link to create a new blog post

Accepts keyword arguments that specify default parameters. The macro will be hidden unless the user has BLOG_POSTER permissions.

tag - Tag that populates the "Tag under" field. This key may be specified as a tuple or list to pass multiple values.
blogtitle - Default blog entry title.
text - Default entry body text.
pagename - Default wiki page name.
readonly - Default readonly page status.
link - Text to display as the link.

Examples

[[BlogPost()]]
[[BlogPost(tag=(blog,pacopablo))]]
[[BlogPost(tag=blog,blogtitle="A Simple Title",text="Body Text")]]
[[BlogPost(tag=blog,pagename=blog/newpage,readonly=1)]]
[[BlogPost(tag=(blog,pacopablo),link="A New Blog Post")]]
[[TracAdminHelp]]

Displays help for trac-admin commands.

Examples:

[[TracAdminHelp]]               # all commands
[[TracAdminHelp(wiki)]]         # all wiki commands
[[TracAdminHelp(wiki export)]]  # the "wiki export" command
[[TracAdminHelp(upgrade)]]      # the upgrade command
[[InterWiki]]

Provide a description list for the known InterWiki? prefixes.

Macros from around the world

The Trac Project has a section dedicated to user-contributed macros, MacroBazaar. If you're looking for new macros, or have written new ones to share with the world, don't hesitate adding it to the MacroBazaar wiki page.


Developing Custom Macros

Macros, like Trac itself, are written in the Python programming language. They are very simple modules, identified by the filename and should contain a single entry point function. Trac will display the returned data inserted into the HTML where the macro was called.

It's easiest to learn from an example:

# MyMacro.py -- The world's simplest macro

def execute(hdf, args, env):
    return "Hello World called with args: %s" % args

You can also use the environment (env) object, for example to access configuration data and the database, for example:

def execute(hdf, txt, env):
    return env.get_config('trac', 'repository_dir')

Note that since version 0.9, wiki macros can also be written as TracPlugins. This gives them some capabilities than “classic” macros do not have, such as directly access the HTTP request.

For more information about developing macros, see the development resources on the main project site.


See also: WikiProcessors, WikiFormatting, TracGuide