Please note: This project is no longer active. The website is kept online for historic purposes only.
If you´re looking for a Linux driver for your Atheros WLAN device, you should continue here .

The system described here is

Ubuntu comes with the old madwifi drivers

modinfo ath_pci

filename:       /lib/modules/2.6.15-29-386/madwifi/ath_pci.ko
author:         Errno Consulting, Sam Leffler
description:    Support for Atheros 802.11 wireless LAN cards.
license:        Dual BSD/GPL
vermagic:       2.6.15-29-386 preempt 486 gcc-4.0
depends:        ath_hal,wlan,ath_rate_sample
alias:          pci:v0000168Cd00000007sv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v0000168Cd00000012sv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v0000168Cd00000013sv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v0000A727d00000013sv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v000010B7d00000013sv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v0000168Cd00001014sv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v0000168Cd00000015sv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v0000168Cd00000016sv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v0000168Cd00000017sv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v0000168Cd00000018sv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v0000168Cd00000019sv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v0000168Cd0000001Asv*sd*bc*sc*i*
srcversion:     532488E7A58A464B250A176
parm:           ifname:Interface name prefix (default: ath) (charp)
parm:           xchanmode:Enable/disable extended channel mode (int)
parm:           outdoor:Enable/disable outdoor use (int)
parm:           countrycode:Override default country code (int)

Install the kernel headers and build-essential packages with apt-get.

apt-get install build-essential linux-headers-`uname -r`

Uncompress the release and compile it

tar -xvf madwifi-ng-current.tar.gz
cd madwifi-ng-r2667-20070825/
~/madwifi-ng-r2667-20070825$ make clean
~/madwifi-ng-r2667-20070825$ make

Stop the linux-restricted-modules package from providing the madwifi module ath_hal, via its so called volatile module mechanism. Do so by adding ath_hal to the list of DISABLED_MODULES in /etc/default/linux-restricted-modules-common.

# This file is sourced from the linux-restricted-modules-common init
# script and is used to disable the link-on-boot feature, one module
# at a time.  This can be useful if you want to use hand-compiled
# versions of one or more modules, but keep linux-restricted-modules
# installed on your system, or just to disable modules you don't use
# and speed up your boot process by a second or two.
#
# Use a space-separated list of modules you wish to not have linked
# on boot.  The following example shows a (condensed) list of all
# modules shipped in the linux-restricted-modules packages:
#
# DISABLED_MODULES="ath_hal fc fglrx ltm nv"
#
# Note that disabling "fc" disables all fcdsl drivers, "ltm" disables
# ltmodem and ltserial, and "nv" disables both the nvidia drivers.
# You can also name each module individually, if you prefer a subset.

DISABLED_MODULES="ath_hal"

Now we can install our modules and the restricted modules will not overwrite our changes when the system reboots. Make sure ath_pci is not loaded so you don't get a file acess error. First see if there is a ath interface up

~/madwifi-ng-r2667-20070825$ ifconfig | grep ath
ath0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 00:15:6D:54:16:3D

My system autoloaded ath0 with the old drivers via hotplug when the card was inserted. If there is a interface there, take it down first then remove the module

~/madwifi-ng-r2667-20070825$ sudo ifconfig ath0 down
~/madwifi-ng-r2667-20070825$ sudo modprobe -r ath_pci

Now we can install

~/madwifi-ng-r2667-20070825$ sudo make install

modifno will now show that we have the new driver installed

~/madwifi-ng-r2667-20070825$ modinfo ath_pci
filename:       /lib/modules/2.6.15-29-386/net/ath_pci.ko
author:         Errno Consulting, Sam Leffler
description:    Support for Atheros 802.11 wireless LAN cards.
version:        svn r2667
license:        Dual BSD/GPL
vermagic:       2.6.15-29-386 preempt 486 gcc-4.0
depends:        ath_hal,wlan
alias:          pci:v0000168Cd00000007sv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v0000168Cd00000012sv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v0000168Cd00000013sv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v0000A727d00000013sv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v000010B7d00000013sv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v0000168Cd00001014sv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v0000168Cd0000101Asv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v0000168Cd00000015sv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v0000168Cd00000016sv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v0000168Cd00000017sv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v0000168Cd00000018sv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v0000168Cd00000019sv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v0000168Cd0000001Asv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v0000168Cd0000001Bsv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v0000168Cd0000001Csv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v0000168Cd0000001Dsv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v0000168Cd00000023sv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v0000168Cd00000024sv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v0000168Cd00009013sv*sd*bc*sc*i*
srcversion:     3520C0B36DC5D878F4672E8
parm:           ath_debug:Load-time debug output enable (int)
parm:           ratectl:Rate control algorithm [amrr|minstrel|onoe|sample], defaults to 'sample' (charp)
parm:           autocreate:Create ath device in [sta|ap|wds|adhoc|ahdemo|monitor] mode. defaults to sta, use 'none' to disable (charp)
parm:           tpc:Enable/disable per-packet transmit power control (TPC) capability (int)
parm:           rfkill:Enable/disable RFKILL capability (int)
parm:           xchanmode:Enable/disable extended channel mode (int)
parm:           outdoor:Enable/disable outdoor use (int)
parm:           countrycode:Override default country code (int)

now load the driver

~/madwifi-ng-r2667-20070825$ sudo modprobe -v ath_pci
insmod /lib/modules/2.6.15-29-386/madwifi-ng/new_wlan.ko
insmod /lib/modules/2.6.15-29-386/net/ath_hal.ko
insmod /lib/modules/2.6.15-29-386/net/wlan.ko
insmod /lib/modules/2.6.15-29-386/net/ath_pci.ko
~/madwifi-ng-r2667-20070825$ lsmod|grep ath
ath_rate_sample        14336  1
ath_pci               117928  0
wlan                  216752  4 wlan_scan_sta,ath_rate_sample,ath_pci
ath_hal               233056  3 ath_rate_sample,ath_pci

Now what does iwpriv show?

~/madwifi-ng-r2667-20070825$ iwpriv ath0
ath0      Available private ioctls :
          setoptie         (8BEE) : set 256 byte  & get   0
          getoptie         (8BEF) : set   0       & get 256 byte
          setkey           (8BF2) : set  60 byte  & get   0
          delkey           (8BF4) : set   7 byte  & get   0
          setmlme          (8BF0) : set  42 byte  & get   0
          addmac           (8BF6) : set   1 addr  & get   0
          delmac           (8BF8) : set   1 addr  & get   0
          kickmac          (8BFE) : set   1 addr  & get   0
          wds_add          (8BFA) : set   1 addr  & get   0
          wds_del          (8BFC) : set   1 addr  & get   0
          setchanlist      (8BE6) : set  32 byte  & get   0
          getchanlist      (8BE7) : set   0       & get  32 byte
          getchaninfo      (8BED) : set   0       & get 2044 byte
          mode             (8BE2) : set   6 char  & get   0
          get_mode         (8BE3) : set   0       & get   6 char
          setwmmparams     (8BE4) : set   4 int   & get   0
          getwmmparams     (8BE5) : set   3 int   & get   1 int
          cwmin            (0001) : set   3 int   & get   0
          get_cwmin        (0001) : set   2 int   & get   1 int
          cwmax            (0002) : set   3 int   & get   0
          get_cwmax        (0002) : set   2 int   & get   1 int
          aifs             (0003) : set   3 int   & get   0
          get_aifs         (0003) : set   2 int   & get   1 int
          txoplimit        (0004) : set   3 int   & get   0
          get_txoplimit    (0004) : set   2 int   & get   1 int
          acm              (0005) : set   3 int   & get   0
          get_acm          (0005) : set   2 int   & get   1 int
          noackpolicy      (0006) : set   3 int   & get   0
          get_noackpolicy  (0006) : set   2 int   & get   1 int
          setparam         (8BE0) : set   2 int   & get   0
          getparam         (8BE1) : set   1 int   & get   1 int
          authmode         (0003) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_authmode     (0003) : set   0       & get   1 int
          protmode         (0004) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_protmode     (0004) : set   0       & get   1 int
          mcastcipher      (0005) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_mcastcipher  (0005) : set   0       & get   1 int
          mcastkeylen      (0006) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_mcastkeylen  (0006) : set   0       & get   1 int
          ucastciphers     (0007) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_uciphers     (0007) : set   0       & get   1 int
          ucastcipher      (0008) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_ucastcipher  (0008) : set   0       & get   1 int
          ucastkeylen      (0009) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_ucastkeylen  (0009) : set   0       & get   1 int
          keymgtalgs       (0015) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_keymgtalgs   (0015) : set   0       & get   1 int
          rsncaps          (0016) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_rsncaps      (0016) : set   0       & get   1 int
          hostroaming      (000C) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_hostroaming  (000C) : set   0       & get   1 int
          privacy          (000D) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_privacy      (000D) : set   0       & get   1 int
          countermeasures  (000E) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_countermeas  (000E) : set   0       & get   1 int
          dropunencrypted  (000F) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_dropunencry  (000F) : set   0       & get   1 int
          wpa              (000A) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_wpa          (000A) : set   0       & get   1 int
          driver_caps      (0010) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_driver_caps  (0010) : set   0       & get   1 int
          maccmd           (0011) : set   1 int   & get   0
          wmm              (0012) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_wmm          (0012) : set   0       & get   1 int
          hide_ssid        (0013) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_hide_ssid    (0013) : set   0       & get   1 int
          ap_bridge        (0014) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_ap_bridge    (0014) : set   0       & get   1 int
          inact            (0017) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_inact        (0017) : set   0       & get   1 int
          inact_auth       (0018) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_inact_auth   (0018) : set   0       & get   1 int
          inact_init       (0019) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_inact_init   (0019) : set   0       & get   1 int
          abolt            (001A) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_abolt        (001A) : set   0       & get   1 int
          dtim_period      (001C) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_dtim_period  (001C) : set   0       & get   1 int
          bintval          (001D) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_bintval      (001D) : set   0       & get   1 int
          doth             (001E) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_doth         (001E) : set   0       & get   1 int
          doth_pwrtgt      (001F) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_doth_pwrtgt  (001F) : set   0       & get   1 int
          doth_reassoc     (0020) : set   1 int   & get   0
          compression      (0021) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_compression  (0021) : set   0       & get   1 int
          ff               (0022) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_ff           (0022) : set   0       & get   1 int
          turbo            (0001) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_turbo        (0001) : set   0       & get   1 int
          xr               (0023) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_xr           (0023) : set   0       & get   1 int
          burst            (0024) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_burst        (0024) : set   0       & get   1 int
          doth_chanswitch  (8BE8) : set   2 int   & get   0
          pureg            (0025) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_pureg        (0025) : set   0       & get   1 int
          ar               (0026) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_ar           (0026) : set   0       & get   1 int
          wds              (0027) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_wds          (0027) : set   0       & get   1 int
          bgscan           (0028) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_bgscan       (0028) : set   0       & get   1 int
          bgscanidle       (0029) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_bgscanidle   (0029) : set   0       & get   1 int
          bgscanintvl      (002A) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_bgscanintvl  (002A) : set   0       & get   1 int
          mcast_rate       (002B) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_mcast_rate   (002B) : set   0       & get   1 int
          coverageclass    (002C) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_coveragecls  (002C) : set   0       & get   1 int
          countryie        (002D) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_countryie    (002D) : set   0       & get   1 int
          scanvalid        (002E) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_scanvalid    (002E) : set   0       & get   1 int
          regclass         (003B) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_regclass     (003B) : set   0       & get   1 int
          dropunenceapol   (003C) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_dropunencea  (003C) : set   0       & get   1 int
          shpreamble       (003D) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_shpreamble   (003D) : set   0       & get   1 int
          rssi11a          (002F) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_rssi11a      (002F) : set   0       & get   1 int
          rssi11b          (0030) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_rssi11b      (0030) : set   0       & get   1 int
          rssi11g          (0031) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_rssi11g      (0031) : set   0       & get   1 int
          rate11a          (0032) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_rate11a      (0032) : set   0       & get   1 int
          rate11b          (0033) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_rate11b      (0033) : set   0       & get   1 int
          rate11g          (0034) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_rate11g      (0034) : set   0       & get   1 int
          uapsd            (0035) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_uapsd        (0035) : set   0       & get   1 int
          sleep            (0036) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_sleep        (0036) : set   0       & get   1 int
          qosnull          (0037) : set   1 int   & get   0
          pspoll           (0038) : set   1 int   & get   0
          eospdrop         (0039) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_eospdrop     (0039) : set   0       & get   1 int
          markdfs          (003A) : set   1 int   & get   0
          get_markdfs      (003A) : set   0       & get   1 int
          setiebuf         (8BEA) : set 1032 byte  & get   0
          getiebuf         (8BE9) : set   0       & get 1032 byte
          setfilter        (8BEC) : set   4 byte  & get   0

iwpriv will show you all the read-only values with the --all parameter.

~/madwifi-ng-r2667-20070825$ iwpriv ath0 --all
ath0      Available read-only private ioctl :
ath0      getoptie:
ath0      getchanlist:
ath0      getchaninfo:
ath0      get_mode:11g
ath0      get_authmode:1
ath0      get_protmode:1
ath0      get_mcastcipher:1
ath0      get_mcastkeylen:16
ath0      get_uciphers:15
ath0      get_ucastcipher:0
ath0      get_ucastkeylen:13
ath0      get_keymgtalgs:3
ath0      get_rsncaps:0
ath0      get_hostroaming:1
ath0      get_privacy:0
ath0      get_countermeas:0
ath0      get_dropunencry:0
ath0      get_wpa:0
ath0      get_driver_caps:2005065743
ath0      get_wmm:1
ath0      get_hide_ssid:0
ath0      get_ap_bridge:1
ath0      get_inact:300
ath0      get_inact_auth:180
ath0      get_inact_init:30
ath0      get_abolt:218
ath0      get_dtim_period:1
ath0      get_bintval:0
ath0      get_doth:1
ath0      get_doth_pwrtgt:27
ath0      get_compression:0
ath0      get_ff:1
ath0      get_turbo:1
ath0      get_xr:1
ath0      get_burst:1
ath0      get_pureg:0
ath0      get_ar:1
ath0      get_wds:0
ath0      get_bgscan:1
ath0      get_bgscanidle:252
ath0      get_bgscanintvl:300
ath0      get_mcast_rate:1000
ath0      get_coveragecls:0
ath0      get_countryie:0
ath0      get_scanvalid:60
ath0      get_regclass:0
ath0      get_dropunencea:0
ath0      get_shpreamble:1
ath0      get_rssi11a:24
ath0      get_rssi11b:24
ath0      get_rssi11g:24
ath0      get_rate11a:48
ath0      get_rate11b:10
ath0      get_rate11g:18
ath0      get_uapsd:0
ath0      get_sleep:0
ath0      get_eospdrop:0
ath0      get_markdfs:1
Interface doesn't accept private ioctl...
getiebuf (8BE9): Invalid argument

For my purposes I need to load the driver in ad-hoc mode. So in /etc/modprobe.d/options, I add autocreate=adhoc and counrtrycode=511 to get more channels

# Enable double-buffering so gstreamer et. al. work
options quickcam compatible=2

# Default hostap to managed mode
options hostap_pci iw_mode=2
options hostap_cs iw_mode=2
options ath_pci autocreate=adhoc countrycode=511

Now I need to reload the driver to get the kernel driver options to take effect.

$ sudo ifconfig ath0 down
$ sudo modprobe -r ath_pci
$ sudo modprobe -v ath_pci
insmod /lib/modules/2.6.15-29-386/madwifi-ng/new_wlan.ko
insmod /lib/modules/2.6.15-29-386/net/ath_pci.ko autocreate=adhoc countrycode=511
$ iwconfig ath0
ath0      IEEE 802.11a  ESSID:""
          Mode:Ad-Hoc  Frequency:5.765 GHz  Cell: Not-Associated
          Bit Rate:0 kb/s   Tx-Power:5 dBm   Sensitivity=1/1
          Retry:off   RTS thr:off   Fragment thr:off
          Power Management:off
          Link Quality=0/70  Signal level=-106 dBm  Noise level=-106 dBm
          Rx invalid nwid:0  Rx invalid crypt:0  Rx invalid frag:0
          Tx excessive retries:0  Invalid misc:0   Missed beacon:0

Here an enumeration net80211/ieee80211_ioctl.h with comments.

enum {
        IEEE80211_PARAM_TURBO                   = 1,    /* turbo mode */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_MODE                    = 2,    /* phy mode (11a, 11b, etc.) */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_AUTHMODE                = 3,    /* authentication mode */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_PROTMODE                = 4,    /* 802.11g protection */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_MCASTCIPHER             = 5,    /* multicast/default cipher */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_MCASTKEYLEN             = 6,    /* multicast key length */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_UCASTCIPHERS            = 7,    /* unicast cipher suites */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_UCASTCIPHER             = 8,    /* unicast cipher */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_UCASTKEYLEN             = 9,    /* unicast key length */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_WPA                     = 10,   /* WPA mode (0,1,2) */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_ROAMING                 = 12,   /* roaming mode */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_PRIVACY                 = 13,   /* privacy invoked */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_COUNTERMEASURES         = 14,   /* WPA/TKIP countermeasures */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_DROPUNENCRYPTED         = 15,   /* discard unencrypted frames */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_DRIVER_CAPS             = 16,   /* driver capabilities */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_MACCMD                  = 17,   /* MAC ACL operation */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_WMM                     = 18,   /* WMM mode (on, off) */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_HIDESSID                = 19,   /* hide SSID mode (on, off) */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_APBRIDGE                = 20,   /* AP inter-sta bridging */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_KEYMGTALGS              = 21,   /* key management algorithms */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_RSNCAPS                 = 22,   /* RSN capabilities */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_INACT                   = 23,   /* station inactivity timeout */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_INACT_AUTH              = 24,   /* station auth inact timeout */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_INACT_INIT              = 25,   /* station init inact timeout */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_ABOLT                   = 26,   /* Atheros Adv. Capabilities */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_DTIM_PERIOD             = 28,   /* DTIM period (beacons) */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_BEACON_INTERVAL         = 29,   /* beacon interval (ms) */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_DOTH                    = 30,   /* 11.h is on/off */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_PWRTARGET               = 31,   /* Current Channel Pwr Constraint */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_GENREASSOC              = 32,   /* Generate a reassociation request */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_COMPRESSION             = 33,   /* compression */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_FF                      = 34,   /* fast frames support  */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_XR                      = 35,   /* XR support */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_BURST                   = 36,   /* burst mode */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_PUREG                   = 37,   /* pure 11g (no 11b stations) */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_AR                      = 38,   /* AR support */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_WDS                     = 39,   /* Enable 4 address processing */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_BGSCAN                  = 40,   /* bg scanning (on, off) */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_BGSCAN_IDLE             = 41,   /* bg scan idle threshold */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_BGSCAN_INTERVAL         = 42,   /* bg scan interval */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_MCAST_RATE              = 43,   /* Multicast Tx Rate */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_COVERAGE_CLASS          = 44,   /* coverage class */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_COUNTRY_IE              = 45,   /* enable country IE */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_SCANVALID               = 46,   /* scan cache valid threshold */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_ROAM_RSSI_11A           = 47,   /* rssi threshold in 11a */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_ROAM_RSSI_11B           = 48,   /* rssi threshold in 11b */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_ROAM_RSSI_11G           = 49,   /* rssi threshold in 11g */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_ROAM_RATE_11A           = 50,   /* tx rate threshold in 11a */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_ROAM_RATE_11B           = 51,   /* tx rate threshold in 11b */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_ROAM_RATE_11G           = 52,   /* tx rate threshold in 11g */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_UAPSDINFO               = 53,   /* value for qos info field */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_SLEEP                   = 54,   /* force sleep/wake */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_QOSNULL                 = 55,   /* force sleep/wake */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_PSPOLL                  = 56,   /* force ps-poll generation (sta only) */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_EOSPDROP                = 57,   /* force uapsd EOSP drop (ap only) */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_MARKDFS                 = 58,   /* mark a dfs interference channel when found */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_REGCLASS                = 59,   /* enable regclass ids in country IE */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_DROPUNENC_EAPOL         = 60,   /* drop unencrypted eapol frames */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_SHPREAMBLE              = 61,   /* Short Preamble */
        IEEE80211_PARAM_DUMPREGS                = 62,   /* Pretty printed dump of Atheros hardware registers */
};